Gum disease is one of the most common dental problems and most individuals will suffer gum inflammation from time to time, where the gums become swollen, sore or infected.
Gum disease often develops slowly without causing any symptoms and may not appear until an advanced stage of the disease.
If you have gum disease your gums may bleed when you brush your teeth and you may have bad breath, this early stage of gum disease is known as Gingivitis
If untreated a condition called Periodontitis can develop. This affects more tissues that support the teeth and hold them in place, it can destroy the bone that surrounds and supports the teeth, causing them to become loose and painful, eventually leading to loss, even if the tooth itself is healthy.
Common signs of gum disease include;
Red or purplish gums
Bleeding gums, especially when brushing or flossing
Receding gums (shrinking gum exposing the root surface of the teeth)
Spaces appearing between the teeth
Although not everyone will experience these symptoms and some people have none.